4 Speech Delivery Methods
According to The Art of Public Speaking by Stephen E. Lucas there are four methods of delivering a speech. They are reading from a manuscript, reciting from memory, speaking impromptu and speaking extemporaneously. Of the four, my personal favorite is speaking extemporaneously, although reading from a manuscript is probably the easiest.
When you read from a manuscript, you have all the words right in front of you, ready to be presented to the audience. This type of delivery is only used in certain situations though. Something that most people don’t take into consideration about this type of delivery is that you can still screw it up. You must control things like the rate at which you speak and pauses.
Another type of delivery is Reciting from Memory. This is also another that is not used as often. I don’t personally have much experience with this type of delivery and would rather keep it that way, not because I have a bad memory but because it makes me more nervous that I will go brain dead and look dumb.
The third type is speaking impromptu. These speeches are last minute and usually quite sudden. In reading about this, I agree with the part that talks about organizing what you’re going to say instead of just jumping into it head first.
The last is speaking extemporaneously. Here you can prepare and practice the speech, but you don’t have to go directly from the paper. You can improvise a little and have a better connection with the audience, and that’s what I believe is the main goal. We also read in Chapter 12 of Lucas’ book about the many aspects of a speaker’s voice, things such as the volume, pitch, rate, pauses and pronunciation. I don’t think I have a serious problem with the volume or rate of vocal variety, but I may have trouble with the enthusiasm. Sometimes I tend to not speak with much energy or enthusiasm; therefore, some of my speeches are presented in a boring manner. Hopefully, when we start speaking aloud in class, I can correct some of these errors. This relates to another part of delivery that it talks about in chapter 12, the speaker’s body. Something that might spice up my speeches and make myself more interesting and the crowd more interested would be movement and gestures. Hand gestures and just simply walking around might keep the audience a little more intuitive than if you were to sit in one spot with my hands in your pockets.
Those are a couple things I hope to get better at when we start speaking in front of the class. I don’t have much experience answering any audience questions. In high school, many students don’t really care about what the speech is about and in a lot of cases, neither do the teachers. So maybe in this class I will learn a little something in the answering questions part of public speaking.